Plant in full sun or part shade, with berry production best in full sun. Prefers moist, well-drained soil but is adaptable and tolerates wet and dry soils. The berries persist September through November, possibly longer. They are quite bitter, hence the common name ‘Chokeberry’. Flowers on two year-old wood, so if pruning, select the oldest twigs to prune out. A great plant for massing and borders, and good to use by streams or other wet areas. The fall color is brilliant crimson red.